Reconstruction aid for Afghanistan

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Classical Antiquity

600 BC
Zoroaster (Zarathustra) introduces a new monotheistic religion, Zoroastrianism, in Bactria (Balkh).
Zoroaster dies by 522 BC during a nomadic attack near Balkh.

522 - 486 BC
Darius the Great leads the Achaemenid (Persian) Empire to supreme power by conquering most of Afghanistan, including Aria (Herat), Bactria (Balkh, and present-day Mazar-i-Sharif), Margiana (Merv), Gandhara (Kabul, Jalalabad and Peshawar), Sattagydia (Ghazni to the Indus River), Arachosia (Kandahar and Quetta) and Drangiana (Sistan).
Continuous bitter and bloody tribal revolts of Afghans living in Arachosia plague the Persian Empire.

329 - 326 BC
After the victory over Persia, Afghanistan is occupied by Alexander the Great, facing continuous revolts.

323 BC
Greeks rule in Bactria (Northern Afghanistan)

170 - 160 BC
Bactriane - Parthian

50 AD
Kushan rule, under King Kanishkar
Graeco-Buddhist Gandharan culture reaches its peak

220 AD
Kushan Empire disintegrates in minor dynasties

400 AD
Attack of the White Huns.
They destroy the Buddhist culture and leave many ruins.

425-550 AD
Sovereign Yaftalee rule in Afghanistan.

550 AD
The Persians assume control of the entire present-day Afghanistan.
Revolts of various Afghan tribes

in co-operation with City of Munich – Department of Social Services


Bank account

Empor e.V.
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Act. 707 216
(BLZ 702 501 50)
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